Following the "LED Lighting 15/30 Popularization Project" in 2006 and the "LED Industry Development Strategy" in 2008, the Korean government has gradually expanded the use of LED lighting equipment in public utilities and promoted the rapid development of the domestic LED industry in Korea. The local LED penetration rate has reached 14%, and the penetration rate of public institutions has reached 8%. In 2006, there were a total of 260 Korean LED companies. By 2010, it had increased to 830, and large companies are now preparing to enter the international market. However, the domestic LED penetration rate in Korea is only about 2.5% (2010 figure). For this reason, the Korean government is making continuous efforts to launch new policies to encourage the popularization of LED.
In order to complete the energy saving and emission reduction targets for 2020, the Korean government has launched the "LED Lighting 2060 Plan (Middle and Long Term LED Roadmap)."
According to the roadmap for popularization, the Korean government will stagely encourage and promote the development of products that meet the development level of LED lighting technology, and implement different types of popularization projects based on the domestic R&D of LED technology and the degree of commercial use. According to the current technical standards, the lighting equipment that can be replaced include incandescent bulbs, halogen bulbs, light box lighting, and safety lights. The upgrading of related equipment will begin in 2011.
As the LED lighting popularization project of large-scale public utility companies is actively promoted, it is expected to expand market demand and expand the initial market in the future. To this end, the government has actively increased the amount of subsidy installations, and the range of subsidies provided has expanded from existing local governments and a few institutions to all public utilities. The cost subsidy has been expanded from the current 50% to 70%. The proportion of state support amounts is based on the local governments and institutionsâ€™ financial self-financing capabilities and the degree of local development.
In addition, plans to expand the popularity of large-scale public LED lighting projects and expand support. South Korea's four major rivers, Sejong City, and industrial parks will require large-scale public facilities to install LED lighting equipment. The lighting of roads and transportation equipment such as subways, public transportation, street lamps, and railway lighting began to replace LEDs in 2012.
At the same time, after field visits, schools and other educational facilities also need to carry out periodic LED replacements. Taking into consideration the local government's ability to popularize LED and financial budget, a group of LED lighting demonstration cities will be selected to implement the "LED lighting pilot cities" project.
The promotion of LED high-efficiency lighting in general buildings and houses needs to expand its scope in stages. Through the revision of "Building Energy-saving Facilities Standards" to increase the installation efficiency of LED and other efficient lighting equipment. Metro station parking lot lights, sensor lights and other LED high-efficiency lighting equipment will undergo periodical replacement.
The newly-built housing will implement the revised â€œStandards and Performance for Design of Environmentally-Friendly Housingâ€, and the completed housing will implement a policy of paid replacement. Large-scale R&D projects initiated by public utilities such as urban development projects will advance the process of LED efficient lighting installation. Outdoor light boxes in public places such as gas stations will expand their scope of use in accordance with the newly revised outdoor billboard management law.
To this end, South Korea will gradually increase the amount of low-interest financing of LED-ESCO, and its amount has increased from 50 billion won in 2011 to 300 billion won in 2015. It will also extend the time limit for tax-free investment in LED lighting, reduce the financial burden on companies, and provide support for increasing private demand.
The implementation of LED carbon trading system can reduce the price of LED lighting equipment by 30%, and increase the demand for LED lighting equipment replacement by 26% of consumers in the country. Compared with the government's investment in promoting the popularization of LED, it is better to promote the popularization of LED by improving the system. From 2011 to 2015, it will provide private subsidies of up to 100 billion won for traditional markets and small billboards to promote the popularity of LED.
In addition, South Korea will also increase its research and development of LED core materials and components. The efficiency of LED lighting equipment will increase, and prices will also drop. In the future, the development of personalized advanced lighting technologies such as LED system lighting using IT technology will also be promoted.
In order to increase consumer confidence in LED lighting, the government will continue to expand the range of LED standards and certified products. High-quality LED lighting devices such as light efficiency, color, and longevity will become LED products that consumers are more willing to accept. In the future, the publicity system for comparative evaluation results of LED lighting products will be introduced to strengthen the after-sales service management of LED products.
At the same time, a LED product forum focusing on the general public will be set up; the distribution of responsibility among LED large enterprises and SMEs and the organic cooperation system will be strengthened to promote the common growth of large and medium-sized enterprises, and to find a successful enterprise development for the LED industry. mode.
In addition to the original Korean lighting brand business, the countryâ€™s Samsung and LG have all introduced self-branded LED lighting products. The former not only uses its own LED resources, but also outsources the acquisition of international manufacturers and Taiwan. The use of LED by mainland manufacturers, the goal is the global LED lighting market, coupled with its accessibility and branding, it is not impossible to challenge the top five plants.
The LG has also made considerable efforts. In addition to the LED of the LG Innotek purchased in-house, it also purchases better-used LED or lower-cost LED for overseas to create LED lamps for its own home, and also introduced new CFL energy-saving lamp lighting. Lamps also flaunt texture and design.
Although the lighting technology of South Korean manufacturers is not particularly strong, the Korean government's strategy of first supporting the local LED lighting market and LED manufacturers is correct and has the opportunity to bring Korean manufacturers to a higher level in the LED lighting market.
As for the cross-strait government, mainland China has launched the second â€œTen Cities, Ten Thousand Citiesâ€ program, but it has not established such a clear target as South Korea, but the Taiwan region is even more passive in the policies, rewards, and subsidies of the LED energy-saving lighting market. In addition to the announcement of some policy announcements, there are few substantive and long-term open LED lighting plans.
If the government of the two sides of the Taiwan Strait does not pay attention to South Koreaâ€™s active actions in the LED lighting industry, the South Korean manufacturersâ€™ threats to the cross-strait LED manufacturers will become more severe in the future.
Recently, the Korean government has launched a new energy-saving target and plans to implement 100% LED lighting for public utilities by 2020, increasing the nationwide LED lighting penetration rate to 60%. At the report of the Green Growth Committee report, the "green LED lighting popularization and development plan" was formally introduced. The government will give a substantial subsidy. In the future, South Korea will also promote LED lighting equipment for general buildings and houses, as well as promote various LED projects to expand the influence of ESCOs and carbon emissions trading among the public.