Autopilots in China: What is the gap between local automakers?

Autopilot is causing a huge change in human transportation and social development, and it is a historic opportunity for the Chinese government and the auto industry.

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On April 7, Diaoyutai, President and CEO of Volvo Car Group, Hanken Samuelson announced at the Autopilot International Symposium that Volvo Cars will set up an autopilot test base in China, which will be the first in China. The world's highest level of autonomous driving base opened by the automotive industry and the general public.

On the same day, Gaode Group officially launched the Gaode map car version, and the Changan CS15, which was just listed at a low price, is one of the first mass-produced models of the Gaode map car version. Changan and Baidu have strengthened cooperation in the field of car networking. It can be seen that Changan played a very important role in Baidu and Gaode's competition for high-precision maps.

On April 8, Dongfeng Peugeot announced that since this year, Dongfeng Peugeot will introduce the ADAS intelligent driving assistance system into the new products, which will bring a new automatic driving experience to users.

In the past week, it is not difficult to see that regardless of international auto companies, joint ventures or independent brands in the auto industry, the layout of “autopilot” has been launched, and the autopilot battle has begun.

How much is international technology leading?

“Based on our experience in the automotive sector, Volvo will focus on developing core technologies for autonomous driving, especially software systems that are critical to vehicle safety. We are open and shared, we need smart cloud connectivity, digital real-time maps and more Sensors and other technical partners in the development of components. In this regard, we believe that Chinese companies are very competitive," said Hankow Samuelson, President and CEO of Volvo Car Group.

Volvo Car believes that the research and testing of autonomous driving cannot be without the Chinese market. In March 2015, the first show of autonomous driving in Asia.

For the first time, Volvo Cars conducted a real road test in Beijing's West Sixth Ring Road, driving at 70 km/h, collecting data on autonomous driving under complex road traffic conditions in China, providing an important reference model for China's intelligent traffic development and autonomous driving research.

In 2013, Volvo Car launched the DriveMe autopilot project in Sweden and selected 100 self-driving cars on the typical commuter road in the city of Gothenburg and around 50 km for testing. It will be fully open to the general public in 2017. The most advanced and extensive autopilot test project in the world.

In 2015, thanks to the world's advanced high-automatic driving technology PilotAssistII, the Volvo S90 is about to achieve automatic driving and flexible steering within 130 km/h, breaking through the bottleneck of auto industry driving technology development.

And, on these two new cars produced on the new SPA platform, Volvo Sensus intelligent in-vehicle interactive systems and services have been iterated to the third generation, and very few real-time data and services can be realized through OTA (Online Remote Data Exchange). One of the updated brands.

And Audi, Mercedes-Benz, Toyota and other car companies are also developing non-stop test and automatic driving technology. In the case of Audi, the highlight of the Audi automatic driving system is the stereo sensor and the central driver assistance system. Twenty-two detectors, such as laser sensors, camera probes, monitoring probes, and radars, are placed around the Audi body, and a large number of integrated data processors are used to analyze the current vehicle conditions and determine whether to decelerate, accelerate, and line.

In terms of the principle of use, Audi's technology is not much different from other brands. However, it can achieve acceleration, deceleration, braking, overtaking and returning in the same lane, and the driver can take over at any time. However, Audi's autonomous driving technology is mass-produced within five years.

In addition, Toyota's dynamic laser tracking and predictive interactive system is mainly used to identify other vehicles through radar and front camera, control speed and distance, avoid collision with other vehicles; universal V2V communication and super cruise semi-automatic driving technology can make The car automatically controls the car's steering and speed in the face of vehicle congestion.

Therefore, technically, whether it is highly autonomous driving or fully automatic driving, each car company basically tends to be consistent in the technical route, the difference is mainly in the development progress and the actual application time.

Local car companies are catching up

When the topics of autonomous driving technology are all around the discussion of foreign car companies, local companies are also catching up.

"From the perspective of traffic conditions, as long as autonomous driving can succeed in China, it is not a problem in the world." Li Keqiang, director of the Automotive Engineering Department of Tsinghua University, said at the Autopilot International Symposium on April 7.

Li Keqiang believes that in the field of automatic driving, Chinese suppliers will also have advantages. For example, Suzhou Zhihua Electronics Co., Ltd.'s 360-degree viewing camera is the second one developed after Mercedes-Benz. It has been Dongfeng Nissan, Changan, Guangzhou Automobile, SAIC Wuling Geely application. The company is also currently planning to design and develop complex security systems, networked systems, information security and back-end platforms.

In addition, China's own brand car companies have increased the layout of autonomous vehicles. Domestic automakers such as FAW, Dongfeng, SAIC, GAC, Chery, and BYD all exert their strength on self-driving cars, but because they are still in the prototype verification stage, they are far from mass production and application.

However, it is worthy of excitement that the driverless car independently developed by Changan Automobile will depart from Chongqing on April 12 and will be unveiled at the Beijing International Auto Show after 2000 km driving test, becoming the first car in China to realize long-distance driverless driving. enterprise.

This year's Beijing Auto Show will be a stage to showcase autonomous driving technology. During this period, BAIC will also open a driverless car outside the venue for consumers to test drive.

However, the current dilemma is that autonomous vehicles can only achieve automatic driving functions on highways and uncongested sections. Although the automatic replacement of human automatic driving devices has been realized, many car companies do not intend to use "Google" type. The steering wheel driving mode, in doing so, is intended to preserve the driver's driving pleasure.

In fact, China has a very broad mass base in the field of automatic driving, and the government's support for autonomous driving is also obvious.

Previously, Li Shufu, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, suggested that the Chinese government strengthen legislation on autonomous driving and smart interconnection, develop unified security standards for car networking and autonomous driving, cloud service planning, data security and V2X communication protocols, and interface with international organizations and standards; Law enforcement, insurance liability, hacking and other aspects promote legislative support.

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